Animal Health and Diseases:
Zoonoses: An animal disease that can transmit to humans.
Notifiable disease: A disease of international importance, highly contagious with a risk to human health. Must be reported to the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine. Animals must be quarantined and slaughtered.
Examples of Notifiable diseases: Swine fever, rabies, brucellosis, foos and mouth disease, T.B., B.V.D., B.S.E.
E-coli - leads to bacterial scour. Symptoms: dehydration, diarrhoea, weight loss
Leptospirosis: Symptoms: low conception rates, abortion, stilborn
Mastitis: Symptoms: Swollen udder, fever, producing clotted milk.
Navel ill: Symptoms: swollen navel, stiffness
Signs of good health in a farm animal:
Clear bright eyes
Nose and mouth clear of mucus
1. Milk fever - Caused by a deficiency in calcium, animal appears weak. Ensure to provide lick buckets to preven this deficiency.
2. Grass tetany - Caused by a deficiency of magnesium, animal may be very weak and staggering. Ensure to provide lick buckets to preven this deficiency.
3. Bloat - Gas in rumen produced by bacteria causes swelling of the abdomen. May be relieved by puncturing.
4. Twin lamb disease - Inadequate feeding of the ewe particularly if she is carrying multipkes. Ensure to scan ewes to determine how many lambs they are carrying and feed accordingly i.e. if carrying three feed more than a ewe carrying two.